What Is CBG?

CBD was first isolated from marijuana in 1940. Since then, the use of cannabis products has taken the world by storm.

With cannabis products becoming more popular, many people wonder, “What is CBG and how does it differ from CBD?” Cannabigerol (CBG) is a natural ingredient derived from a young cannabis plant. The use of CBG has become increasingly popular, but it hasn’t been as widely reported on as CBD and THC.

Hemp, marijuana, and CBD are all related, but they differ in significant ways. Here’s how to distinguish between their potential benefits and uses and decide if this is something that you want to consider.

CBD, Hemp, and THC

As mentioned before, CBD is an ingredient that is acquired from a young cannabis plant. Cannabinoids are composites that interact with the endocannabinoid (ECS) system in the body.

The ECS system consists of a network of receptors and neurotransmitters that regulate important functions, including pain perception, mood, appetite, inflammation, and more.

CBD is receiving increased attention and focus due to its potential therapeutic benefits. As such, it is being advertised as a consideration for the relief of depression and anxiety and also to promote sleep.

CBD comes in many forms as people use them in a variety of products. Every year, new products and strands are brought to the market. Recently, Moonrock made waves and was developed on the basis of the Girl Scout Cookies variety.

Hemp is seen as part of discussions about CBG. To help clear up misconceptions in this regard, Hemp is defined as parts of the cannabis sativa plant that contain less than 0.3% THC.

THC stands for Tetrahydrocannabinol, a psychoactive component. This is one of 113 CBDs distinguished in cannabis. It is known in layman’s terms as a mind-altering substance found in cannabis.


Dronabinol is a synthetic form of THC that is FDA-approved. This drug is often used in the management of nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy and as an appetite stimulant for use in HIV/AIDS anorexia.

There is a misconception when it comes to THC. The psychoactive effects are what makes people seek it out and that’s why it has been branded as a taboo substance, but it also has various other properties that can help people. 

What Is CBG and How Is It Produced?

Developed plants with high concentrations of THC and CBD usually present with a low concentration of CBG. The reason for this is that during the development of the plant, most of the CBG has already been converted to CBD and THC.

Israeli scientist Raphael Mechoulam was the first to isolate CBG. But researchers only truly started studying CBG in the 2010s. To study CBG, researchers had to find new ways to grow cannabis plants so that the CBG level was higher.

These days, scientists are researching CBG to discover any health benefits. Some early evidence suggests it may have robust anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and even antifungal effects.

Not all cannabis strains are equal. Some varieties have a higher CBG content than others, White CBG and Jack Frost CBG are just some examples of these varieties. Due to this quality, these strains are cultivated in larger quantities for further studies and possible use.

CBD and THC start as Cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), an acidic form of CBG, and the main reason why a higher concentration of this is found in young cannabis plants.

Growers extract CBD oil from the flowers or leaves of plants through the use of various methods. The oil is then mixed with a carrier oil like MCT made from triglycerides, a type of fat.

Today, CBG is being studied to try and conclude possible health benefits. There is some early evidence to suggest that it consists of qualities that can assist in addressing inflammation. 

Understanding the types of CBD available will help you choose the right product for your needs.

Full-Spectrum CBD

Full-spectrum CBD refers to an extract containing CBD and other compounds naturally found in plants.

Broad-Spectrum CBD

This product undergoes an additional extraction process of all the THC while leaving the other natural intact in the plant. Recent studies, however, did indicate the possibility of small traces of THC, so it is not necessarily totally THC-free.

CBD Isolate

This product does not contain THC or any other mixture from the plant.

Different Forms of CBD Available

Oils and tinctures are a common way to use cannabis products. These products mostly come in dropper bottles that ensure the use of a correct and safe dose.

Gummies and edibles are some of the most popular ways to ingest CBD. These CBD-infused gummies and other edibles like sweets or cookies do not have the same absorption rate as oils and tinctures. Your digestive system must process the product, and this delays the effect with the possibility of less CBD entering your bloodstream.

This also makes the use of these products difficult, as people often take larger doses than necessary due to the delay in effect. The capsule form of CBD goes through the same digestive process as gummies with the same delayed effect.

Lotions and creams are usually used for the relief of chronic pain and different skin-related conditions. These products are mainly applied to the affected areas and only a small amount will reach the bloodstream.

Consider CBG Products

Whether you want to consume CBG or simply want to be able to answer what is CBG, it’s important that you do your research before trying any new products. There are various types of cannabinoids and CBG might not be the right one for you. So consider all your options before you start using CBG products.

If you liked this article, check out our Health section for more content.

Written by Patricia

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